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Anatomic Basis for Localization 

Anatomic Basis for Localization
Chapter:
Anatomic Basis for Localization
Author(s):

Jun Kimura

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199738687.003.0001
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date: 23 October 2021

Electrodiagnosis, as an extension of the neurologic evaluation, employs the same anatomic principles of localization as clinical examination, searching for evidence of motor and sensory compromise. Neurophysiologic studies supplement the history and physical examination, adding precision, detail, and objectivity. Meaningful analyses of electrophysiologic findings demand an adequate knowledge on precise location of skeletal muscles and peripheral nerves for accurate placement of the electrodes. This chapter contains a review of peripheral neuroanatomy important for conducting electrodiagnostic studies. A concise summary of clinically useful information serves as a framework for the rest of the text. Despite the recognized importance of muscle and nerve anatomy, written descriptions render the subject needlessly dry and intimidating. The schematic illustrations used in this chapter facilitate discussion to compensate for this inherent difficulty.

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