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Neonatal Resuscitation 

Neonatal Resuscitation
Chapter:
Neonatal Resuscitation
Author(s):

Emily Baird

, Valerie A. Arkoosh

, and Robert D’Angelo

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199733804.003.0241
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date: 01 August 2021

Introduction 402

Pathophysiology 402

Predicting Need for Neonatal Resuscitation 405

Preparation for Neonatal Resuscitation 407

Intrapartum Resuscitation 409

Neonatal Resuscitation 409

Summary 414

Following birth, numerous physiologic changes must rapidly transpire for the fetus to successfully make the transition from fetal to neonatal physiology. Due to the complexity of this process, approximately ten percent of newborns require some assistance to begin breathing, and one percent of newborns require full resuscitation in the delivery room. However, the risk of neonatal distress rises exponentially among newborns weighing less than 1500 grams. Although the need for full neonatal resuscitation is relatively rare, it is essential for all delivery room personnel to understand neonatal adaptations to extrauterine life, recognize the predictors of the need for resuscitation, and have both the provisions and knowledge to respond appropriately....

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