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Chronic Pain 

Chronic Pain
Chapter:
Chronic Pain
Author(s):

David Borsook

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199731855.003.0036
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date: 24 July 2021

Chronic pain is a disease of the nervous system that encompasses sensory, emotional, cognitive, and other changes as a result of ongoing pain. It is defined as pain lasting for more than three months. It has reached pandemic proportions in Western countries, affecting over 100 million people in the United States alone. Increasing recognition of the chronic pain pandemic and the lack of well-established therapies has led to increased research on both the pathophysiology and the treatment of the condition. New research is leading to a new conceptualization of chronic pain that is likely to improve future treatment outcomes. This chapter goes over the evidence base for therapies and integrated therapies for treating chronic pain (which are limited) and provides information on the psychological factors that are associated with chronic pain and that are met with emotional distress in patients.

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