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Military burns 

Military burns
Chapter:
Military burns
Author(s):

Kamal Bisarya

and Tania Cubison

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199699537.003.0040
Page of

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date: 21 October 2020

Military burns can be accidental or due to combat and are generated by a wide variety of mechanisms including explosives (main), incendiary, chemical and nuclear weapons. Explosives give rise to a blast wave or a blast wind which cause primary (eg. barotrauma) to quaternary (eg. burn) effects on multiple organs. Blast injury secondary effects (penetrating injuries) are the leading cause of death in military attacks. Infection associated mortality occurs at higher rates in combat burns. Polytrauma management follows ATLS/EMSB guidelines. Outcomes are similar to civilians but can lead to long term physical and psychological morbidity. Prevention is via pre-deployment education and protective equipment.

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