Show Summary Details
Page of

Incidence and epidemiology 

Incidence and epidemiology
Incidence and epidemiology

Naiem Moiemen

and Ammar Allouni

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 24 January 2021

Burns is a global injury with devastating outcomes. Over 95% of burns occurs in low-income countries. The incidence is particularly significant in vulnerable groups. Scalds are the commonest injuries in toddlers, followed by contact burns while flame burns are less than 10%. The commonest injury in preschool children is scald followed by contact then flame burns. Flame burns are the commonest in older children over the age of 9 years. The incidence of burns in the elderly is rising especially in high-income countries as the life expectancy increases, however the outcome in this group is still unsatisfactory. Non-accidental burns of children, elderly and vulnerable adults require collaborative managements between different agencies to insure safeguarding vulnerable patients. Although health and legislations has dramatically reduced the number of burns injuries in fire disasters, terrorist attacks has become the commonest source of mass casualties.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.