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Incidence and epidemiology 

Incidence and epidemiology
Chapter:
Incidence and epidemiology
Author(s):

Naiem Moiemen

and Ammar Allouni

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199699537.003.0001
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date: 02 April 2020

Burns is a global injury with devastating outcomes. Over 95% of burns occurs in low-income countries. The incidence is particularly significant in vulnerable groups. Scalds are the commonest injuries in toddlers, followed by contact burns while flame burns are less than 10%. The commonest injury in preschool children is scald followed by contact then flame burns. Flame burns are the commonest in older children over the age of 9 years. The incidence of burns in the elderly is rising especially in high-income countries as the life expectancy increases, however the outcome in this group is still unsatisfactory. Non-accidental burns of children, elderly and vulnerable adults require collaborative managements between different agencies to insure safeguarding vulnerable patients. Although health and legislations has dramatically reduced the number of burns injuries in fire disasters, terrorist attacks has become the commonest source of mass casualties.

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