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Chronic kidney disease 

Chronic kidney disease
Chapter:
Chronic kidney disease
Author(s):

Maarten Taal

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199699254.003.0011
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date: 03 April 2020

Chapter 11 covers the tranformation of nephrology from a specialty that focused previously on discreet renal pathologies, each of which was relatively rare, to one that has been challenged to develop strategies to identify and risk-stratify CKD that is prevalent in a substantial proportion of the general population in order to apply interventions that will attenuate progression to end-stage renal disease (ESRD) as well as the associated risk of cardiovascular disease. A thorough understanding of the concepts that contribute to the pathophysiology of CKD and comprehensive knowledge of the research evidence that supports current renal protective strategies is therefore essential for all clinicians involved in the care of patients with kidney disease and those who are at risk of CKD.

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