Show Summary Details
Page of

Opioids: heroin, methadone, and buprenorphine 

Opioids: heroin, methadone, and buprenorphine
Opioids: heroin, methadone, and buprenorphine

Soraya Mayet

, Adam R. Winstock

, and John Strang

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 28 June 2022

Opioid dependence is a chronic relapsing and remitting disorder affecting a large proportion of people throughout the world with severe physical, psychological, and social consequences. Opioid overdose and spread of blood borne viruses are major causes of morbidity and mortality. Assessment of opioid use and dependence should be systematic and confirmation of dependence is of paramount importance before initiating treatment. The prescription of substitute opioids should be managed carefully to prevent harm, diversion to others and improve safety. Management of opioid dependence can greatly improve outcomes and may be based on opioid maintenance stabilization or detoxification combined with psychosocial interventions.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.