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Dementia due to HIV disease 

Dementia due to HIV disease
Chapter:
Dementia due to HIV disease
Author(s):

Mario Maj

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199696758.003.0049
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date: 23 August 2019

The first description of a syndrome consisting of cognitive, motor, and behavioural disturbances in patients with AIDS was published in 1986. The syndrome was named ‘AIDS dementia complex’. In 1990, the World Health Organization (WHO) introduced the term ‘HIV-associated dementia’, pointing out that subclinical or mild cognitive and/or motor dysfunctions without impairment of performance in daily living activities cannot be subsumed under the term ‘dementia’. The expression ‘mild cognitive/motor disorder’ was proposed for those conditions. The same distinction was made in 1991 by the American Academy of Neurology, which identified an ‘HIV-associated dementia complex’ and an ‘HIV-associated minor cognitive/motor disorder’. The present chapter focuses on the dementia syndrome associated with HIV infection.

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