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David Meagher

and Paula Trzepacz

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date: 01 July 2022

Delirium is a complex neuropsychiatric syndrome that occurs commonly across all age groups and healthcare settings. Significant adverse outcomes of delirium are increasingly recognized and can be reduced by a more consistent approach to detection that emphasizes disturbances of attention. Optimal management requires the collaborative efforts of carers and healthcare staff and judicious use of pharmacological and nonpharmacological strategies that concurrently manage underlying physical causes and the delirium itself. Greater clarity is needed regarding the prognostic relationship to dementia, phenomenology of prodromal, subsyndromal and syndromal delirium, and how risk factors, vulnerabilities, and treatment may vary across populations and treatment settings.

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