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Body dysmorphic disorder 

Body dysmorphic disorder
Chapter:
Body dysmorphic disorder
Author(s):

Katharine A. Phillips

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199696758.003.0134
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date: 25 August 2019

Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), also known as dysmorphophobia, is a relatively common, severe, and sometimes difficult-to-treat condition that has been described for more than a century. BDD consists of a distressing or impairing preoccupation with an imagined or slight defect in one's physical appearance. BDD is classified as a separate disorder in DSM-IV and a type of hypochondriasis in ICD-10. This disorder can cause severe distress and notably impaired functioning. In addition, risk behaviours—suicidality, violence, problematic substance use, and compulsive tanning—appear common in BDD. Despite its severity, BDD is underrecognized in clinical settings.

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