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Gastrointestinal and hepatic 

Gastrointestinal and hepatic
Gastrointestinal and hepatic

Martin Beed

, Richard Sherman

, and Ravi Mahajan

Page of

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date: 26 May 2019

Gastrointestinal haemorrhage

Acute severe pancreatitis

The acute abdomen

Acute bowel ischaemia

Intra-abdominal hypertension

Hepatic failure, hepatic encephalopathy, and hepatorenal syndrome

Haemorrhage may occur in the upper (oesophagus, stomach, or duodenum) or lower GI tract (small bowel or colon). Severity can vary greatly from trivial to immediately life-threatening. It may be the cause of critical care admission, or occur as a complication of ICU care....

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