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Breathing 

Breathing
Chapter:
Breathing
Author(s):

Martin Beed

, Richard Sherman

, and Ravi Mahajan

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199696277.003.0003
Page of

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date: 23 May 2019

Respiratory failure

Severe hypercapnia

Complications of mechanical ventilation

Severe pneumonia

Aspiration

Inhalational injury

Asthma/severe bronchospasm

Exacerbation of COPD

Air trapping

Tension pneumothorax

Massive haemothorax

Pulmonary haemorrhage

Pulmonary oedema

Acute respiratory distress syndrome

Pulmonary embolism/fat embolism

Respiratory failure occurs when air transfer in and out of the lungs is reduced, or when gas exchange within the lungs fails (due to shunt, VQ mismatch, or poor gas diffusion), resulting in either: ...

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