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Bleeding management 

Bleeding management
Chapter:
Bleeding management
Author(s):

Ian Colquhoun

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199692958.003.0006
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date: 18 October 2019

Cardiac surgery is responsible for 15% of all blood products used in the United Kingdom. All cardiac patients have some drainage from the chest drains postoperatively. This is variable in quantity and blood content with wide variations between units. A definition of excessive bleeding and risk factors for the excessive bleeding are included. Five per cent of patients may require resternotomy for excessive bleeding. Bleeding may be overt or concealed and may result in cardiac tamponade. The early recognition of cardiac tamponade is important to avoid postoperative complications.

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