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Respiratory management 

Respiratory management
Chapter:
Respiratory management
Author(s):

Martin Hughes

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199692958.003.0026
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date: 15 September 2019

This chapter begins by describing positive pressure ventilation and the different modalities available. It outlines the theoretical and actual advantages of different modes. The chapter describes the risks associated with positive pressure ventilation. Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) and continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) are explained with the indications (cardiogenic pulmonary oedema and acute respiratory failure in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) and contraindications described. This chapter deals with weaning from mechanical ventilation in the presence of acute or chronic respiratory disease. It differentiates the titration of respiratory support from active weaning from ventilation. It also describes the management of weaning failure.

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