Show Summary Details
Page of

Bleeding and haemostasis disorders 

Bleeding and haemostasis disorders
Chapter:
Bleeding and haemostasis disorders
Author(s):

Pier Mannuccio Mannucci

and Maddalena Lettino

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199687039.003.0070_update_003

Update:

7 new references; 3 new further readings

Added the precise DAPT score and the ESC DAPT recommendations

Updated 1 Table (including cangrelor)

Updated on 22 February 2018. The previous version of this content can be found here.
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE (www.oxfordmedicine.com). © Oxford University Press, 2016. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 14 October 2019

The main cause of haemostasis defects and related bleeding complications in patients with acute coronary syndromes admitted to the intensive cardiac care unit is the use of multiple antithrombotic drugs, alone or concomitantly with invasive procedures such as percutaneous coronary intervention with stent deployment and coronary artery bypass surgery. These drugs, that act upon several components of haemostasis (platelet function, coagulation, fibrinolysis), are associated with bleeding complications, particularly in elderly patients (more so in women than in men), those who are underweight, and those with comorbid conditions such as renal and liver insufficiency and diabetes. The identification of patients at higher risk of bleeding is the most important preventive strategy. Red cell and platelet transfusions, which may become necessary in patients with severe bleeding, should be used with caution, because transfused patients with acute coronary syndrome have a high rate of adverse outcomes (death, myocardial infarction, and stroke).

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.