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Monitoring of the kidneys, liver, and other vital organs 

Monitoring of the kidneys, liver, and other vital organs
Monitoring of the kidneys, liver, and other vital organs

Karl Werdan

, Brijesh Patel

, Matthias Girndt

, Henning Ebelt

, Jochen Schröder

, and Sebastian Nuding



Updated/modified 2 Tables and 1 Box

added 2 recommended readings; deleted 2

30 new references; deleted 6 refs

5 new headings

Updated on 22 February 2018. The previous version of this content can be found here.
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date: 07 July 2020

The prognosis of critically ill cardiac patients in the critical care unit and intensive cardiac care unit depends not only on the underlying cardiac disease, but also on the development of secondary organ complications and failures. Therefore, close monitoring of vital organs is mandatory in all critically ill cardiac patients to detect the development of non-cardiac organ failure as early as possible.

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