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The respiratory system 

The respiratory system
Chapter:
The respiratory system
Author(s):

Antoine Vieillard-Baron

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199687039.003.0015

February 22, 2018: This chapter has been re-evaluated and remains up-to-date. No changes have been necessary.

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date: 15 October 2019

The respiratory system is key to the management of patients with respiratory, as well as haemodynamic, compromise and should be monitored. The ventilator is more than just a machine that delivers gas; it is a true respiratory system monitoring device, allowing the measurement of airway pressures and intrinsic positive end-expiratory pressure and the plotting of pressure/volume curves. For effective and reliable monitoring, it is necessary to keep in mind the physiology, such as the alveolar gas equation, heart-lung interactions, the equation of movement, etc. Monitoring the respiratory system enables adaptation of not only respiratory management, but also haemodynamic management.

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