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Epidemiological studies of older workers: research questions and methodological challenges 

Epidemiological studies of older workers: research questions and methodological challenges
Chapter:
Epidemiological studies of older workers: research questions and methodological challenges
Author(s):

Harry S. Shannon

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199683901.003.0008
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date: 02 April 2020

The age structure of the population is changing as life expectancy increases and there is a higher proportion of people over 65. Economic demands mean this will almost certainly lead to an increase in the proportion of older workers. To date, relatively little is known about the resultant health and safety issues. This chapter outlines a variety of research questions related to work exposures, health promotion and chronic diseases, continuing employment and retirement, work organization, workers’ compensation and return to work after illness or injury, special populations, and interventions. It then discusses methodological issues, including the importance of conceptual models, study designs, measurement, and analysis. Of particular importance is the development of long-term cohort studies to avoid selection problems that arise when workers leave employment.

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