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Methodological considerations in the epidemiology of work-related health problems in migrants 

Methodological considerations in the epidemiology of work-related health problems in migrants
Chapter:
Methodological considerations in the epidemiology of work-related health problems in migrants
Author(s):

Elena Ronda

, Emily Felt

, Marc Schenker

, and Fernando G. Benavides

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199683901.003.0007
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date: 29 March 2020

The increasing mobility of workers is producing demographic change worldwide. Although migrants are healthier than the receiving population, they tend to be at a higher risk for work-related health problems. This has commonly been attributed to factors such as migrants’ higher probability of working in high-risk economic sectors, being employed in particularly hazardous occupations, less favourable employment arrangements, and exposure to substandard living conditions. This chapter reviews the epidemiological relationships between migration, work, and health with special focus on the challenges faced by researchers. It introduces some of the important and practical conceptual differences from classical occupational epidemiology, such as the definition of migrant workers, and engagement with migrant populations due to factors such as language, mobility, cultural differences, and informal work structures. Finally, it addresses sample selection and participant recruitment. Some practical recommendations for researchers and policymakers are suggested.

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