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Morbidity, mortality, societal impact, and accident in sleep disorders 

Morbidity, mortality, societal impact, and accident in sleep disorders
Chapter:
Morbidity, mortality, societal impact, and accident in sleep disorders
Author(s):

Sergio Garbarino

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199682003.003.0053
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date: 03 December 2020

Sleep disorders are associated with several morbidities, most strongly with psychiatric disorders, cognitive impairment, and impaired quality of life, as well as with increased mortality. Sleep problems are common across the lifespan from childhood to adolescence and adulthood. Physiological sleep continuity with respect to circadian rhythms is considered to be important for the maintenance of cardiovascular, metabolic, and immune function, physiological homeostasis, and psychological balance. Nowadays, it is reasonable to include sleep disturbances among the top 10 potentially modifiable cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. The links between sleep disorders and morbidity as CVD show bidirectional associations. Because these disorders are chronic, they may also have a deleterious societal impact on a patient’s employment status, ability to work, risk of accident, and health. The relationship between work performance and sleep quality is reciprocal and potentially complex. This chapter illustrates the principal sleep disorders and their relevance as indicators of health status.

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