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Childhood sleep–wake disorders 

Childhood sleep–wake disorders
Chapter:
Childhood sleep–wake disorders
Author(s):

Suresh Kotagal

, and Julie M. Baughn

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199682003.003.0049
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date: 01 December 2020

This chapter highlights the development of normal sleep from infancy to childhood. It illustrates the ways in which this development impacts common sleep disorders such as sleep disordered breathing, insomnia, restless legs syndrome (Willis–Ekbom disease), narcolepsy, parasomnias, and circadian rhythm abnormalities. The considerations needed for diagnosis of these disorders in children are discussed, including the key features of a pediatric sleep history. The chapter also focuses on sleep in special populations, including trisomy 21 (Down syndrome), autism spectrum disorder, Angelman syndrome, Prader–Willi syndrome, and achondroplasia, and on the considerations needed for each population. This chapter is designed for the sleep physician with an interest in treating children.

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