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Pulmonary disorders and sleep 

Pulmonary disorders and sleep
Pulmonary disorders and sleep

Sandrine H. Launois

, and Patrick Lévy

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date: 30 November 2020

Sleep disorders and pulmonary diseases are closely associated, a fact clearly underestimated in routine patient care, despite evidence that these disorders interact to impact on quality of life as well as on morbidity and mortality. The prevalence of chronic insomnia, sleep-related breathing disorders, and restless leg syndrome is high in patients with chronic pulmonary disorders such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, cystic fibrosis, interstitial lung disease, chest wall and neuromuscular disorders, and chronic respiratory failure. This association may be fortuitous and reflect the impact of a chronic condition on sleep quality, or it may be due to specific sleep-related phenomena adversely affecting an underlying pulmonary disorder. Furthermore, obstructive sleep apnea has been implicated as a risk factor for pulmonary hypertension and pulmonary embolism. This chapter outlines the implications for both pulmonary and sleep specialists, in terms of clinical management and treatment strategies.

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