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Sleep after traumatic brain injury 

Sleep after traumatic brain injury
Chapter:
Sleep after traumatic brain injury
Author(s):

Christian R. Baumann

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199682003.003.0032
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date: 04 August 2020

It is becoming increasingly evident that traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a frequent condition causing sleep–wake disorders (SWDs) in more than half of TBI patients. SWDs in TBI includes pleiosomnia (increased sleep need), excessive daytime sleepiness, insomnia symptoms, sleep-related breathing disorders, sleep-related movement disorders, and circadian rhythm disorders. The causes of SWDs in TBI are multifactorial (eg, depression, anxiety, stress, medication-related, pain, genetic background, and possibly trauma-induced brain damage). It is important to perform objective sleep laboratory tests in appropriate cases for optimal treatment of these unfortunate post-traumatic insomnia victims.

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