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Clinical sleep medicine: An introduction 

Clinical sleep medicine: An introduction
Chapter:
Clinical sleep medicine: An introduction
Author(s):

Jennifer A. Liebenthal

, and Christian Guilleminault

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199682003.003.0012
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date: 27 November 2020

Sleep Medicine is now a specialty in its own right and many advances have occurred in recent years. Large-database studies from drug companies or general population surveys have indicated the general health impact of narcolepsy, particularly on the childhood and adolescent populations. Obesity has become a significant health problem. Sleep and its restriction has a drastic impact on regulation of metabolic function. A clearer understanding of the growth and development of the orofacial region during early childhood has led to the recognition of factors that increase collapsibility of the upper airway. Restless legs syndrome is a pain syndrome that continues to be under-diagnosed and left untreated particularly in children. Younger individuals are restricting more and more of their sleep, and they experience sleep disruption related to usage of electronic gadgets late at night. Another large health problem is the increasing number of elderly people with cognitive and sleep impairment

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