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Preclinical medicine 

Preclinical medicine
Chapter:
Preclinical medicine
DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199681907.003.0003
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date: 23 October 2019

Chapter 3 outlines the disciplines which constitute the traditional preclinical medical curriculum and their organization. These disciplines form the depth of basic science knowledge from which the principles of human disease, and their treatments, can be understood. However, modern medical curricula tend to follow a systems-based approach in which the disciplines are learnt together with relevance to a particular system. The teaching styles or formats which stimulate learning are outlined, before the disciplines are covered in turn: anatomy, pathology, immunology, microbiology, pharmacology, sociology, and epidemiology with tips on valuable resources for learning each of these. The systems are then outlined: cardiovascular system, respiratory system, gastrointestinal system, nervous system, endocrine system, genitourinary system, and musculoskeletal system with a basic overview of the anatomy, physiology, and pharmacology of each.

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