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Emergency medicine 

Emergency medicine
Chapter:
Emergency medicine
DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199681907.003.0012
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date: 23 October 2019

Emergency medicine (formerly accident and emergency) specializes in acute presentations of any condition in adults or children and in trauma. The chapter is divided into resuscitation, majors (for bedbound patients), and paediatrics. A comprehensive ABCDE approach to the trauma patient is outlined including airway management, fluid management, assessment of abdominal/pelvic injuries, FAST (focused assessment sonography in trauma), and head injuries. Cardiac arrest algorithms for children and adults are also described as well as other emergency presentations including anaphylaxis and poisoning, alcohol-related conditions, and sepsis. Principles of wound management and wound closure are discussed. Paediatric emergencies including airway obstruction and suspected non-accidental injury are also outlined.

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