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Introduction 

Introduction
Chapter:
Introduction
Author(s):

Béla Büki

and Alexander A. Tarnutzer

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199680627.003.0001
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date: 05 April 2020

The introduction sets the scene for the rest of the book and highlights the latest developments in neurotology. Major advances in both the understanding of the pathophysiology and treatment strategies in the last two to three decades have made neurotology a fast developing field. Recent insights and revolutionary diagnostic methods have helped to define novel dizziness entities and to design effective therapeutic methods, such as those for Menière’s disease (MD) or for benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). New vestibular testing methods have been developed, using the principle of evoked potentials by applying short, repetitive vestibular stimuli. With the use of these evoked potentials and the head impulse test (HIT), deficits of individual semicircular canals (SCC) and of the otolith organs can be identified with high definition.

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