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Preventing gang violence 

Preventing gang violence
Chapter:
Preventing gang violence
Author(s):

Erika Gebo

, Ellen E. Foley

, and Laurie Ross

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199678723.003.0029
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date: 24 February 2020

Gang members commit more violence, more serious violence, and use weapons more often as part of a gang than they would otherwise have done, even if they were part of a non-gang delinquent peer group. Gang violence also typically constitutes a significant portion of the serious violence in a city. Preventing gang violence is analysed in this chapter on three core levels: preventing the formation of gangs, preventing gang membership, and preventing gang violence. Preventing gangs from developing and perpetuating involves investing in structural changes. Preventing gang membership involves utilizing evidence-based early intervention programmes that target risk factors. Preventing gang violence needs a comprehensive approach that cross-cuts the socio-ecological landscape. Smart programming is to utilize what we know about youth violence prevention generally and apply those programs to what we know about gangs.

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