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Opioid pharmacogenomics 

Opioid pharmacogenomics
Opioid pharmacogenomics

Cathy Stannard

, Michael Coupe

, and Anthony Pickering

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date: 14 July 2020

Pharmacogenomic phenotypes account for some of the inter-individual variations in opioid response. This is best exemplified by variations in the metabolic pathways for codeine and tramadol. There are common functional variants in opiate receptors, but, as yet, the clinical significance of these polymorphisms is uncertain.

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