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Opioid pharmacogenomics 

Opioid pharmacogenomics
Chapter:
Opioid pharmacogenomics
Author(s):

Cathy Stannard

, Michael Coupe

, and Anthony Pickering

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199678075.003.0004
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date: 17 October 2019

Pharmacogenomic phenotypes account for some of the inter-individual variations in opioid response. This is best exemplified by variations in the metabolic pathways for codeine and tramadol. There are common functional variants in opiate receptors, but, as yet, the clinical significance of these polymorphisms is uncertain.

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