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Introduction to musculoskeletal medicine 

Introduction to musculoskeletal medicine
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date: 01 April 2020

This chapter provides the introduction to musculoskeletal medicine. The distinctiveness of musculoskeletal medicine is undoubted and perhaps unparalleled in the medical sciences. At its heart is the recognition and management of dysfunctional states of the neuromusculoskeletal system, now formally defined as somatic dysfunction. In this introductory chapter, the development and principles of musculoskeletal medicine are reviewed. In the process, it covers the eclecticism, concepts, and biopsychosocial model of Engel (and other healthcare constructs); the distinctiveness of musculoskeletal medicine and evidence-based medicine; the models of care in neuromusculoskeletal medicine; and the issues of pragmatism and complexity in the subject.

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