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An integrated approach to musculoskeletal medicine 

An integrated approach to musculoskeletal medicine
An integrated approach to musculoskeletal medicine

Adam Ward

and Michael Hutson

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date: 30 July 2021

In the 1990s, the words ‘integrated’ or ‘integrative’ were used by physicians interested in integrating complementary and alternative approaches into general medical practice. Out of that came the now commonly used acronym CAM (complementary and alternative medicine). Since then, use of the words ‘integrative’ or ‘integrated’ has cascaded into all areas of healthcare, involving not just the choice of therapies but also ‘whole patient’ care and health service structures. Musculoskeletal medicine is one of the most exciting of the developing medical specialties and it recognizes the importance of the overall health of autonomous, individual patients through its integrative approaches to care which have always been at the heart of its development. It takes a postmodern approach in which patients’ views are respected and incorporated into healthcare. This chapter reflects this approach by discussing, in turn, how healthcare services, treatment and management, and personal care are all integrated in musculoskeletal medicine.

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