Show Summary Details
Page of

The pelvis 

The pelvis
The pelvis

Michael Hutson

and Bryan English

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 19 June 2021

Pain may be referred from proximal structures to the pelvis. Accordingly, any examination of the pelvis must include an examination of the spine and particularly the thoracolumbar junction where the ilioinguinal nerve (T12) originates to supply the groin. Pain may be referred to the buttock and the groin from lumbar segmental disturbances such as discal pathology and facetal dysfunction as well as the connecting ligaments. Sometimes invasive diagnostic interventions (for instance, infiltrating the facet joints under direct vision or even a provocative probe when the disc, facet joint, and sacroiliac joint are stimulated under narcoleptic anaesthesia) may be required to establish the cause of pelvic pain. Those practitioners whose training conditions them to search for referred pain must be aware of local conditions that can also be a cause of pelvic pain.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.