Show Summary Details
Page of

Thoracic outlet syndrome 

Thoracic outlet syndrome
Thoracic outlet syndrome

John Tanner

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 19 June 2021

Thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) comprises a number of syndromes involving the upper quarter and hand that are thought to be caused by compression of the subclavian artery, vein, and/or brachial plexus. It is believed that at least one of these structures must be compressed somewhere between the superior opening of the thorax and the axilla to meet this diagnosis. This chapter begins by describing the anatomy of the thoracic outlet. It then discusses TOS under the following headings: aetiology, clinical presentation, physical examination, investigations, and treatment. Physical examination includes general examination, differential diagnosis, examination for vascular features, and postural examination. Treatment includes the role of both physical and surgical treatment.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.