Show Summary Details
Page of

Autonomic nervous system dysfunction 

Autonomic nervous system dysfunction
Autonomic nervous system dysfunction

Angela Gall

and Mike Craggs


May 26, 2016: This chapter has been re-evaluated and remains up-to-date. No changes have been necessary.

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 24 July 2021

This chapter delivers an overview of autonomic functions, their control and pathophysiology, reviews the most important and specific autonomic system disorders, their causes, management, and assessment, and future directions for neurorehabilitation following autonomic failure. The autonomic nervous system (ANS)regulates responses to exercise, environmental challenges, and emotional responses.The system has two main divisions, sympathetic and parasympathetic, continuously monitoring and controlling the visceral organs. Many brain structures are essential to the ANS.ANS disorders can affect a single organ or whole systems and can result in neuropathies.Alterations in ANS function can impair the ability of the circulatory system to maintain blood flow and pressure, impair gastrointestinal function, lead to metabolic disturbances, and aberrant supraspinal affects can lead to urogenital dysfunction.In acute stroke the pathophysiology is not always immediately clear somanagement has to be guided by sound assessment. Modern techniques in neurorehabilitation are continually being explored and tested to address these dysfunctions.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.