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Contraindications, precautions, and adverse events 

Contraindications, precautions, and adverse events
Chapter:
Contraindications, precautions, and adverse events
DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199673278.003.0005
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date: 30 March 2020

Judgements about whether it is safe to use TENS are guided by whether it has the potential to increase the likelihood of an adverse event. Hazards associated with using TENS need to be assessed against risks of using other available treatments including drug medication, and patients need to be informed of these hazards to provide valid consent to treatment. In many instances TENS evaluates favourably. The decision to offer TENS to a patient is based on professional judgement of practitioner informed by research evidence, safety guidelines by professional bodies, and clinical experience. The purpose of this chapter is to consider contraindications, precautions, and adverse events associated with TENS, by discussing national safety guidelines, contraindications to TENS, including device implants and pre-existing conditions, hazardous electrode sites, and adverse reactions.

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