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Pituitary gland 

Pituitary gland
Chapter:
Pituitary gland
Author(s):

Helen E. Turner

, Richard Eastell

, and Ashley Grossman

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199672837.003.0003
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date: 16 April 2021

This chapter describes the pituitary gland, associated disorders, and clinical practice. The pituitary gland or hypophysis is a bean shaped, bilaterally symmetrical reddish-brown organ, located in the sella turcica at the base of the brain under the hypothalamus. The chapter discusses genetic testing for pituitary adenomas, as well as imaging methods, indications for treatment and management. It presents disorders such as prolactinoma, acromegaly, Cushing’s disease, pituitary tumours, pituitary carcinoma, and parasellar pituitary conditions, describing their causes, common symptoms, and clinical treatments. It also describes the general, anatomical pathway for pituitary-related disorders from growth hormone (commonly abbreviated as GH), to gonadotrophins, to adrenocorticotropic hormone (commonly abbreviated as ACTH), and finally to thyroid-stimulating hormone (commonly abbreviated as TSH).

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