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Gynaecology 

Gynaecology
Chapter:
Gynaecology
Author(s):

Chantal Simon

, Hazel Everitt

, Françoise van Dorp

, and Matt Burkes

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199671038.003.0021
Page of

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date: 23 October 2019

The menstrual cycle

Premenstrual syndrome

Amenorrhoea

Menorrhagia

The menopause

Hormone replacement therapy

Pelvic pain

Endometriosis and adenomyosis

Prolapse

Uterine problems

Ovarian disease

Ovarian cancer and polycystic ovaries

Conditions of the cervix

Cervical cancer screening

Vaginal and vulval problems

A good working knowledge of the menstrual cycle is essential to understand its endocrine disorders and their management. One menstrual cycle lasts from the start of one period until the day before the start of the next. The average length of a cycle is 28d, but anything from 24–35d is common. The menstrual cycle is split into four (see ...

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