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Surgery 

Surgery
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date: 29 May 2020

Hip and knee replacement surgery is one of the most commonly performed orthopaedic procedures in the world. Within the United States, approximately 1 000 000 arthroplasty surgeries are performed a year and within the United Kingdom, around 200 000 hip and knee replacements are performed annually. There is considerable evidence to show the clinical and cost-effectiveness of these interventions. Many patients will get very effective relief of the pain and immobility resulting in a general improvement in their quality of life. However, there can be complications from the surgery and approximately 10–15% of patients may not do well after joint replacement. This chapter outlines the key points of arthroplasty practice including indications for surgery, the type of surgery performed, and review of the benefits and risks of the procedure.

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