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Treatment of acute gout 

Treatment of acute gout
Chapter:
Treatment of acute gout
Author(s):

Puja Khanna

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199668847.003.0045
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date: 30 October 2020

Acute gout is a common inflammatory arthritis in the adult population. Epidemiological evidence suggests that the prevalence of gout is steadily on the rise due to longevity, coexisting comorbidities, and iatrogenic causes contributing to hyperuricaemia. Acute gout usually presents as a self-limiting flare of synovitis that occurs due to deposition of monosodium urate crystals. The frequency of flares generally increases over time in patients who continue to have hyperuricaemia and their risk factors for acute gout attacks have not been adequately addressed. Effective treatment of acute gouty arthritis is primary focused on pain which is the primary symptom but must target both the pain and underlying inflammation. Acute gout is frequently treated with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents, colchicine, and corticosteroids. This chapter reviews the available therapies for management of acute gout and ones that have shown promising results.

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