Show Summary Details
Page of

Laboratory tests 

Laboratory tests
Laboratory tests

Leticia A. Deveza

, Changhai Ding

, Xingzhong Jin

, Xia Wang

, Zhaohua Zhu

, and David J. Hunter

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 25 February 2021

In clinical practice, laboratory tests play a major role in the investigation of underlying diseases predisposing to osteoarthritis (OA) (e.g. metabolic and genetic causes) and in the differential diagnosis of other joint disorders, particularly autoimmune and crystal-related arthropathies. In terms of diagnosis and management of OA, there is still no recommendation in guidelines for the use of laboratory tests. However, an increasing number of potential applications of laboratory tests in OA are emerging. In this regard, research investigating the role of vitamin D and other substances such as inflammatory markers, cytokines, and adipokines in the OA process is helping to reveal novel pathophysiologic mechanisms and, consequently, new possible therapeutic approaches. Furthermore, biochemical markers of cartilage, bone, and synovium metabolism is a growing field in OA and may also contribute to the diagnosis of early OA stages, assessment of prognosis, and management, once properly validated.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.