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Age, gender, race/ethnicity, and socioeconomic status in osteoarthritis and its outcomes 

Age, gender, race/ethnicity, and socioeconomic status in osteoarthritis and its outcomes
Chapter:
Age, gender, race/ethnicity, and socioeconomic status in osteoarthritis and its outcomes
Author(s):

Joanne M. Jordan

, Kelli D. Allen

, and Leigh F. Callahan

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199668847.003.0010
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date: 08 March 2021

Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common joint condition worldwide. It can impair mobility and result in significant disability, need for total joint replacement, and healthcare utilization. OA is unusual in those younger than 40 years, then commonly the result of an underlying metabolic disorder or a prior joint injury. Some geographic and racial/ethnic variation exists in the prevalence and incidence of OA for specific joints, likely due to variation in genetics, anatomy, and environmental exposures. Many OA outcomes vary by socioeconomic status and other social factors. This chapter describes demographic and social determinants of knee, hip, and hand OA, including how these factors impact radiographic and symptomatic OA, OA-related pain and function, and its treatment.

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