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HIV: cryptococcal meningitis and timing of antiretroviral treatment 

HIV: cryptococcal meningitis and timing of antiretroviral treatment
Chapter:
HIV: cryptococcal meningitis and timing of antiretroviral treatment
Author(s):

Angela Loyse

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199665754.003.0009
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date: 05 August 2020

Cryptococcal meningitis is a common opportunistic infection in late-stage HIV infection in much of the world. The correct management of cryptococcal meningitis through early diagnosis, use of lumbar puncture, correct choice of antifungal agents, and intracerebral pressure monitoring is paramount to prevent long-term sequelae. A case of cryptococcal meningitis is presented and the diagnosis and management discussed with particular focus on when to start antiretroviral therapy with regard to the immune reconstitution syndrome.

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