Show Summary Details
Page of

Rectal cancer 

Rectal cancer
Rectal cancer

Debashis Biswas

and Thankamma Ajithkumar

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 21 January 2021

Recent advances in colonic surgery have a major impact on survival for patients with localised rectal cancer. Identification of patients at higher risk of local failure is important in selecting patients for pre-operative radiotherapy/chemo-radiotherapy. Short-course preoperative radiotherapy is used in operable rectal cancer to reduce the risk of local recurrence. In patients with T3-4 or node-positive rectal cancer, preoperative chemoradiotherapy results in fewer local recurrences and more favourable long-term toxicity compared with postoperative treatment.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.