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The history and development of public health in low- and middle-income countries 

The history and development of public health in low- and middle-income countries
Chapter:
The history and development of public health in low- and middle-income countries
Author(s):

Than Sein

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199661756.003.0003
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date: 18 October 2019

This chapter provides a review of the history and development of public health in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC), covering key factors and events during the transition period from the twentieth to the twenty-first century. In recent decades, there have been rapid and dramatic changes in the socioeconomic, health, and development status of countries around the world. Yet, the people in many LMIC, where around 50 per cent of the world’s population are residing, are still living in poverty with poor health status and inadequate healthcare. The chapter briefly traces public health development from the colonial period to the present day, reviewing disease prevention and control in the era of elimination. It also illustrates the links between the control of diseases with strengthening of health systems that could help shape overall health development. Future challenges and opportunities for health development in LMIC are also reviewed.

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