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Environmental health practice 

Environmental health practice
Chapter:
Environmental health practice
Author(s):

Yasmin E.R. von Schirnding

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199661756.003.0240
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date: 20 October 2019

Environmental health practice is concerned with assessing, controlling, and preventing factors in the environment that can potentially affect human health. This chapter discusses briefly the concept and scope of environmental health, highlighting environmental health issues against a backdrop of global trends in health and development, and the burden of environmentally related disease. It then addresses the multifactorial nature of environmental health effects, the role of epidemiology and toxicology, and the basic elements of the risk assessment process. Next, tools to aid decision-making are introduced followed by a discussion on the role of intersectoral action and partnerships. The final section of the chapter addresses elements of environmental health management and policy, and ends with an account of policy elements and actions which can be taken to address environmental health issues. A greater capacity to influence policy agendas outside of the health sector will be needed in future.

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