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People with disabilities 

People with disabilities
Chapter:
People with disabilities
Author(s):

Donald J. Lollar

and Elena M. Andresen

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199661756.003.0232
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date: 22 September 2019

This chapter addresses the developing field of disability in public health. Disability is traditionally associated with morbidity and mortality as negative public health outcomes. Primary prevention activities addressing birth defects, developmental disabilities, injuries, and chronic illnesses associated with disabling conditions are the foundation of public health. Public health is developing rapidly in promoting the health and well-being of the population of people living with disabling conditions. This chapter outlines the essential public health functions of assessment, policy development, and assurance for this population across countries and age groups. The WHO’s International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) provides the framework for the conceptual and scientific issues. Finally, the chapter discusses directions for public health and disability to develop more closely. Recommendations are made for improving communication, cooperation, and coordination of activities between the public health and disability communities. The fundamental tenet of the chapter is that people with disabilities should be included in planning, development, and implementation of all public health activities.

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