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Physical activity and health 

Physical activity and health
Chapter:
Physical activity and health
Author(s):

Nasiha Soofie

and Roger Detels

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199661756.003.0205
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date: 15 September 2019

Physical activity (any bodily movement produced by skeletal muscle that requires energy expenditure) has been shown to provide significant health benefits and to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and cancer, as well as enhancing life expectancy. Nonetheless, it is estimated that 31% of the world’s population is not meeting the minimum recommendations for physical activity. Physical inactivity is estimated to account for 6–10% of all deaths from chronic diseases, and is particularly problematic among the poor and women. Communities need to provide a safe, non-toxic environment that promotes physical activity. Thus, promotion of physical activity requires vigorous public health campaigns promoting a healthy lifestyle and the collaboration of public health professionals, urban planners, architects and builders, schools, the media, police, and government. Physical activity needs to be recognized globally as an essential component of a healthy lifestyle and adopted as a daily routine by all.

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