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Behavioural determinants of health and disease 

Behavioural determinants of health and disease
Chapter:
Behavioural determinants of health and disease
Author(s):

Lawrence W. Green

, Robert A. Hiatt

, and Kristin S. Hoeft

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199661756.003.0014
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date: 22 October 2019

Although public health must concentrate on social and environmental determinants of health, most of these are mediated or moderated by individual and social or collective behaviour. Understanding the pathways and reciprocal determinism of behavioural influences on health guides the planning and evaluation of public health programmes and policies: (1) to control or cajole the health-related behaviour of individuals, (2) to protect individuals from the behaviour of others, and (3) to mobilize the behaviour of groups to influence health-related policies, organizations, and social or physical environments. This chapter addresses the shifting role of behaviour as a determinant of health and disease; behavioural risk factors in population health; cognitive, environmental, and genetic determinants; interaction of socioeconomic and behavioural determinants, and relationships among health-related behaviours.

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