Show Summary Details
Page of

Food and nutrition 

Food and nutrition
Food and nutrition

Prakash S. Shetty

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 06 July 2022

Food and nutrition are important determinants of diet-related diseases of public health importance. Public health nutrition from a developing country perspective focuses on undernutrition and nutritional deficiencies due to inadequate and poor diets compounded by the contributions from unhealthy environments that increase the risk of frequent infections and its consequences. In the developed world, the diseases attributable to food and nutrition result from quantitative and or qualitative imbalances in the habitual diet and include obesity and its related co-morbidities such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, and cancer. Changes in the diet and reduction in physical activity characterizing modern urban lifestyles are important drivers of this epidemic of diet-related diseases. The determinants of these diseases operate both at the individual and population level and necessitate public health responses that are both integrated and multisectoral. The economic and other consequences of diet-related disease burden necessitates priority for primary prevention by promoting healthy diets and lifestyles. Developing countries undergoing rapid economic development and urbanization are also faced with the increasing risk of obesity and related co-morbidities. With the persistence of the problem of undernutrition, the emerging epidemic of diet-related chronic diseases contributes to a double burden of malnutrition in societies in developmental transition. Food and nutrition policies, and health promotion activities, in these countries need to address both ends of the spectrum of malnutrition in a coherent manner.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.