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Erectile dysfunction: Pathophysiology and assessment 

Erectile dysfunction: Pathophysiology and assessment
Erectile dysfunction: Pathophysiology and assessment

Antonino Saccà

, and Andrea Salonia

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date: 04 December 2020

Erectile dysfunction (ED) has progressively emerged as an important sentinel marker of cardiovascular and overall health among men. A timely and accurate diagnosis of ED may thus represent a significant opportunity not only to diagnose the dysfunction per se, but also to comprehensively identify co-morbid and potentially life-threatening conditions. Basic work-up for a man seeking help for ED should start considering that ED may share several modifiable and unmodifiable common risk factors with cardiovascular disorders and other potential life-threatening conditions. Overall, most patients with ED can be adequately managed with a basic diagnostic work-up; this includes a comprehensive medical and sexual history, along with a physical examination and some laboratory tests. Conversely, only some selected patients may also need specific diagnostic tests.

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